Mathilda Empress and Queen of England
- Born: 7 Feb 1101, Winchester, Hampshire, England
- Marriage (1): Henry V Emperor Of Germany
- Marriage (2): Geoffrey V Count Of Anjou
- Died: 10 Sep 1169, Normandy, France aged 68
- Buried: Bec Abbey, Normandy, France
Matilda was born in 1102 and was the fiery, arrogant daughter of King Henry I of England. In 1129 she married Geoffrey Plantagenet, Countd'Anjou, and their son became King Henry II of England. From 1135-1148 she spent much of her time asserting her claim to the English throne and attempting to overthrow her cousin, King Stephen, by force of arms. Before his death, King Henry I had made the barons swear to recognize Matilda as heir to the throne. However, on his death in 1135 the barons transferred their support to her cousin, Stephen. Partly because of Stephen's misgovernment Matilda won over a number of the barons to her side and war broke out between the claimants. In 1141 after defeating and imprisoning Stephen, Matilda declared herself Queen but had so alienated the barons that she was forced to relinquish the crown. Seven years of warfare followed until Matilda abandoned the fight and returned to live in France. She died in Normandy in 1167.
BIOGRAPHY: Matilda was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire due to her first marriage to the German Emperor Henry.
Mathilda married Henry V Emperor Of Germany.
Mathilda next married Geoffrey V Count Of Anjou. (Geoffrey V Count Of Anjou was born on 24 Aug 1113 in Anjou, France.)