|John I King of England
John I King of England
- Born: 24 Dec 1166, Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
- Died: 18 Oct 1216, Newark Castle, Lincolnshire, England aged 49
- Buried: Worcester Cathedral
Another name for John was Lackland King Of England.
1206 John refused to accept Stephen Langton as Archbishop of Canterbury
1208 Pope Innocent III issues and Interdict against England
1209 Pope Innocent II excommunicates King John
1212 Innocent III declares King John is no longer the rightful king of England.
1213 John submits to the Pope's demands.
1214 English barons gather at Bury St. Edmunds to discuss demands on the king.
1214 Philip Augustus of France defeats the English army at Poitou
1215 John meets barons at Runnymead and agrees to their demands.
1215 King John seals the Magna Carta.
1215 Pope decrees John need not adhere to Magna Carta and civil war breaks out.
1216 Barons seek French aid against John. He loses his war chest.
King John was the youngest son of Henry II and inherited the throne from his brother Richard as well as the Plantagenet dominions in France which he lost to the French by 1204. John was an energetic administrator, a good general, an astute diplomat and a hard-working and keenly intelligent ruler with a strong sense of justice. In that respect he was one of the ablest of the Plantagenet monarchs. While he was a great prince, he was hardly a happy one.
Throughout his reign John spent huge sums of money on the construction and maintenance of castles. He was experienced in conducting siege works, capturing Rochester Castle in 1216 by undermining the east corner of the tower.
Despite a reputation for hard work, John always found time for leisure. Chief among his recreations was hunting. He also enjoyed his comforts and is said to have particularly relished taking a bath, an extremely uncommon practice at that time.