Louis I The Pious, King of France
- Born: Aug 778
- Died: 20 Jun 840 aged 61
After the death of his brothers Pepin and Charles in 810 and 811 respectively, Louis was crowned at Aachen on 13 September 813, Emperor and heir to all of Charlemagne's lands, by Charlemagne himself without any assistance nor even the presence of the Pope.
On his father's death, he was crowned Emperor and he made his son Lothar, co-emperor. He was the only surviving son of Charlemagne. However, he leaned more to religion than rulership, and he divided the lands among his three sons at the time, Pepin, Lothar, and Ludwig, and then devoted his life to worship. (His father had specifically forbade him to worship as he did.). The first years of his government were quite successful, but in 817 he yielded to the wishes of his sons and gave each of them a share of his dominions, and hence arose complications which he was incapable of managing and from which resulted the dissolution of the Empire. When his first wife died, he married, Judith, and had a fourth son, Charles "the Bald." He attempted to redivide the lands into four parts and this promptly degenerated into a bitter war amongst all the sons. At its conclusion, the Treaty of Verdun broke Charlemagne's great empire into three weaker fragments, coinciding, roughly with France (which went to Charles, considered the first king of France), Germany (to Ludwig), and Italy (to Lothair). Pepin had gone insane and died in 838.