Ethelred King of England
- Born: Cir 967
- Marriage (1): Elfgifu in 985
- Marriage (2): Emma in 1002
- Died: 23 Apr 1016, London, England aged about 49
Another name for Ethelred was The Unready.
Extract from "The Dukes of Normandy, from the time of Rollo to the Expulsion of King John by Philip Augustus of France" by Jonathan Duncan (1839)
Ethelred, King of England, had married a sister of the Duke of Normandy, who received intelligence of that monarch's being plunged in excesses, while his wife was treated with contumely, and the affairs of the nation were shamefully neglected. Richard remonstrated with him on the impropriety of his conduct, which so exasperated Ethelred that he assembled an army for the invasion of Normandy, charging his general to bring the duke prisoner to London. The expedition embarked at Portsmouth and landed at Barfleur. Néel of Saint Sauveur, now called Saint Sauveur-le-Vicomte, in the department of La Manche, commanded in this district, and collected his forces to repel the invaders; even the women joined his standard. On their first landing, the English committed dreadful ravages, but they were speedily attacked and routed, and so exterminating was the slaughter, that very few fugitives reached the fleet to announce the discomfiture of the army. Ethered vowed vengeance, but Pope John the Sixteenth interposed, and reconciled the two brothers-in-law.
While Normandy enjoyed the happiness of a wise administration, England groaned under the tyranny of Ethelred, who massacred all the Danes within his kingdom. When intelligence of this treacherous barbarity was communicated to Sweyn, King of Denmark, he levied an army, and landed his forces in the north of England. He quickly marched on to York, when the barons, disgusted with Ethelred, and alarmed at the sight of this formidable expedition, submitted to the invader, who hastened on to London, which capitulated. Sweyn soon completed the conquest of the whole kingdom, which, at that time, had no fortresses or strongholds, and Ethelred, with his wife and son, took refuge in Normandy, abandoning the crown to the king of Denmark. Richard received them with all the courtesy which a generous prince owes to a monarch in distress, and they continued to enjoy his protection and hospitality, till the people of England, groaning under the tyrrany of Sweyn and his successor Canute, invited the exiled princes to return to their native country. Several battles were fought with the Danes, but the death of Ethelred (in 1016), and the assassination of his son, Edmund Irinside, gave undivided sovereignty to Canute.
The Danish prince now sought the alliance of the Duke of Normandy, proposing to marry the widow of Ethelred, and offering his sister Estrita to Richard, who was free to contract a new marriage, in consequence of the death of Judith in Brittany. This negociation, after some reluctance on the part of Emma, who regarded Canute as the despoiler of the inheritance of her children, was carried into effect, with the complete approbation of the English and the Normans; and it was expressly stipulated that, on the death of Canute, the kingdom of England should devolve on the children of Ethered and Emma, failing issue from Emma and Canute. The marriage of Canute and Emma took place in 1017, in which year Judith of Brittany died.
Extract from Find A Grave
Name: Ethered the Unready
Death: 23 April 1016
Notes: English Monarch. King of the English from 978 to 1013 and 1014 to 1016. The son of King Edgar, he succeeded his half-brother, Edward the Marytr, to the throne at the age of 10 years. During his long reign, Viking invaders routinely plundered the country, and he was forced to pay them off in hope of peace. In 1002, in retaliation, he ordered the massacre of all Danes in England. The King of the Danes, Sweyn I (or Sweyn Forkbeard), invaded England, and Ethelred was forced to flee to Normandy in 1013. He returned in 1014, after Sweyn's death. He died 2 years later in London. He was succeeded by his son, Edmund II Ironside.
Children: Aethelstan Aetheling (____ - 1014)
Burial: Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, Greater London, England
Ethelred married Elfgifu in 985. (Elfgifu died in 1002.)
Ethelred next married Emma, daughter of Richard I 3rd Duke of Normandy and Gunnora DE CREPON, in 1002. (Emma was born circa 985 and died on 6 Mar 1052.)