Richard II 4th Duke of Normandy
- Born: Cir 978, Normandy, France
- Marriage (1): Judith DE BRITTANY
- Marriage (2): Estrita
- Marriage (3): Papia
- Died: 28 Aug 1026 aged about 48
- Buried: Abbaye de la Trinité de Fécamp, Departement de la Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France
Another name for Richard was The Good.
Extract from "The Dukes of Normandy, from the time of Rollo to the Expulsion of King John by Philip Augustus of France" by Jonathan Duncan (1839)
Richard the Second succeeded his father, Richard Sans Peur, in the ducal throne of Normandy, in 996. During a reign of thirty years, he displayed justice, benevolence, courage and religion, and the happiness enjoyed by his subjects entitled him to the glorious title of "The Good", conferred upon him by his contempories, and confirmed by posterity.
Ethelred, King of England, had married a sister of the Duke of Normandy, who received intelligence of that monarch's being plunged in excesses, while his wife was treated with contumely, and the affairs of the nation were shamefully neglected. Richard remonstrated with him on the impropriety of his conduct, which so exasperated Ethelred that he assembled an army for the invasion of Normandy, charging his general to bring the duke prisoner to London. The expedition embarked at Portsmouth and landed at Barfleur. Néel of Saint Sauveur, now called Saint Sauveur-le-Vicomte, in the department of La Manche, commanded in this district, and collected his forces to repel the invaders; even the women joined his standard. On their first landing, the English committed dreadful ravages, but they were speedily attacked and routed, and so exterminating was the slaughter, that very few fugitives reached the fleet to announce the discomfiture of the army. Ethered vowed vengeance, but Pope John the Sixteenth interposed, and reconciled the two brothers-in-law.
Shortly after these events, Richard married Judith, daughter of the Duke of Brittany, by whom he had six children: Richard, his successor in the dukedom; William, who became a monk in the abbey of Fécamp, and died very young in 1025; Alice, married to Renauld, Earl of Burgundy; Eleonora, to Baldwin, Earl of Flanders; and Papia, to Guilbert, of Saint Valery. The duchess Judith founded the magnificent abbey of Bernay, in which she was buried.
The Danish prince (Canute) now sought the alliance of the Duke of Normandy, proposing to marry the widow of Ethelred, and offering his sister Estrita to Richard, who was free to contract a ne marriage, in consequence of the death of Judith of Brittany.
The Duke of Normandy put away Estrita, sister of Canute, and married papia, a Danish lady, by whom he had two sons, Mauger, Archbishop of Rouen, and William, Count of Arques.
Richard fell sick at Rouen, and feeling that the hour of his death was approaching, desired to be removed to Fécamp. There, he repented of his sins, took the sacrament, and received absolution. He gave a third of his moveable property to the poor, and divided the remainder among his sons. He appointed his eldest son, Richard, his successor to the ducal throne, and bestowed the province of Hyèmes on his second son, Robert, on the express condition that he should owe homage and fealty to his elder brother. Shortly after these arrangements were completed, Richard died at Fécamp on the 23rd of August 1026, where he was buried in a tomb adjoining that of his father.
Extract from Wikipedia
Richard II (978/83 -1026), called the Good (French: Le Bon), was the eldest son and heir of Richard I the Fearless and Gunnora.
Richard succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy in 996. During his minority, the first five years of his reign, his regent was Count Ralph of Ivrea, his uncle, who wielded the power and put down a peasant insurrection at the beginning of Richard's reign.
Richard had deep religious interests and found he had much in common with Robert II of France, who he helped militarily against the duchy of Burgundy. He forged a marriage alliance with Brittany by marrying his sister Hawise to Geoffrey I, Duke of Brittany and by his own marriage to Geoffrey's sister, Judith.
In 1000-1001, Richard repelled an English attack on the Cotentin Peninsula that was led by Ethelred II of England. He attempted to improve relations with England through his sister Emma of Normandy's marriage to King Ethelred. This marriage was significant in that it later gave his grandson, William the Conqueror, the basis of his claim to the throne of England. This proved to be beneficial to Ethelred when in 1013 Sweyn Forkbeard invaded England. Emma with her two sons Edward and Alfred fled to Normandy followed shortly thereafter by her husband king Ethelred. Soon after the death of Ethelred, Cnut, King of England, forced Emma to marry him while Richard was forced to recognize the new regime as his sister was again Queen. Richard had contacts with Scandinavian Vikings throughout his reign. He employed Viking mercenaries and concluded a treaty with Sweyn Forkbeard who was en route to England.
Richard II commissioned Dudo of Saint-Quentin his clerk and confessor to portray his ducal ancestors as morally upright Christian leaders who built Normandy despite the treachery of their overlords and neighboring principalities. It was clearly a work of propaganda designed to legitimize the Norman settlement, and while it contains numerous historically unreliable legends, as respects the reigns of his father and grandfather, Richard I and William I it is basically reliable.
In 1025 and 1026 Richard confirmed gifts of his great-grandfather Rollo to Saint-Ouen at Rouen. His other numerous grants to monastic houses tends to indicate the areas over which Richard had ducal control, namely Caen, the Éverecin, the Cotentin, the Pays de Caux and Rouen.
He married firstly, c.1000, Judith (992\endash 1017), daughter of Conan I of Brittany, by whom he had the following issue:
- Richard (c. 1002/4), duke of Normandy;
- Alice of Normandy (c. 1003/5), married Renaud I, Count of Burgundy;
- Robert (c. 1005/7), duke of Normandy;
- William (c. 1007/9), monk at Fécamp, d. 1025;
- Eleanor (c. 1011/3), married to Baldwin IV, Count of Flanders;
- Matilda (c. 1013/5), nun at Fecamp, d. 1033.
Secondly he married Poppa of Envermeu, by whom he had the following issue:
- Mauger (c. 1019), Archbishop of Rouen
- William (c. 1020/5), count of Arques
Richard II died 28 Aug 1026.
Richard married Judith DE BRITTANY. (Judith DE BRITTANY was born in 982 in Bretagne, Rennes, France and died in 1017.)
Richard next married Estrita.
Richard next married Papia.